# VHDL Q&A – Implementing Combinational Circuits with VHDL-2

This set of Tough VHDL Questions and Answers focuses on “Implementing Combinational Circuits with VHDL – 2”.

1. The process statement used in combinational circuits is called ______ process.
a) Combinational
b) Clocked
c) Unclocked
d) Sequential

2. Why we need to include all the input signals in the sensitivity list of the process?
a) To monitor the output continuously
b) To monitor the input continuously
c) To make the circuit synthesizable by EDA tools
d) No special purpose

3. If only two bit vectors are allowed to use in the VHDL code, then how many number of MUX will be required to implement 4 to 1 MUX?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

4. A package is designed called mux4to1_package, in which a component called mux4to1 is defined, which is a 4 to 1 multiplexer. Now a user wants to design a 16 to 1 MUX by using the same component only, how many times he needs to use the PORT MAP statement?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5

5. In designing a 2 to 1 demultiplexer with input d, output y and select line s, which of the following is a correct process statement?
a) PROCESS(d)
b) PROCESS(d(0), d(1), s)
c) PROCESS(d(0), d(1))
d) PROCESS(d, s, y)

6. The given code represents a convertor. Which kind of convertor it is?

```ENTITY convert IS
PORT(b: IN STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 DOWNTO 0);
x : OUT STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(7 DOWNTO 0));
END convert;
ARCHITECTURE convertor OF covert IS
BEGIN
PROCESS(b)
BEGIN
CASE b IS
WHEN “0000” => x <= “1111110”;
WHEN “0001” => x <= “0110000”;
WHEN “0010” => x <= “1101101”;
WHEN “0011” => x <= “1111001”;
WHEN “0100” => x <= “0110011”;
WHEN “0101” => x <= “1011011”;
WHEN “0110” => x <= “1011111”;
WHEN “0111” => x <= “1110000”;
WHEN “1000” => x <= “1111111”;
WHEN “1001” => x <= “1110011”;
WHEN OTHERS => x <= “0000000”;
END CASE;
END PROCESS;
END convertor;```

a) Gray to BCD
b) 7 segment to BCD
c) BCD to gray
d) BCD to 7 segment display

7. What is the function of below code?

```ENTITY my_logic IS
PORT (din : STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(7 DOWNTO 0);
Count : STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 DOWNTO 0));
END my_logic;
ARCHITECTURE behavior OF my_logic IS
BEGIN
Count <= “0000”
PROCESS(din)
BEGIN
L1: FOR i IN 0 TO 7 LOOP
IF(din(i) = ‘1’) THEN
Count = count+1;
ELSE
NEXT L1;
END LOOP;
END PROCESS;
END behavior;```

a) To count number of ones in the given data
b) To count number of zeroes in the given data
c) To reverse the order of given data
d) To perform binary multiplication of two data inputs

8. What will be the value of count output, if the data din is 11001111?

```ENTITY my_logic IS
PORT (din : STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(7 DOWNTO 0);
Count : STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(3 DOWNTO 0));
END my_logic;
ARCHITECTURE behavior OF my_logic IS
BEGIN
Count <= “0000”
PROCESS(din)
BEGIN
L1: FOR i IN 0 TO 7 LOOP
IF(din(i) = ‘1’) THEN
Count = count+1;
ELSE
NEXT L1;
END LOOP;
END PROCESS;
END behavior;```

a) 6
b) 0110
c) 2
d) 0010

9. In the combinational process, the use of output signal in the sensitivity list is illegal.
a) True
b) False

10. A parity generator is a combinational circuit and is designed by using combinational process.
a) True
b) False

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